Since then, the river has been restored from Class D to Class B (fishable and swimmable). Of particular mention is the Jesup's milk-vetch, a federally-listed endangered species of which the only known occurrences are along the Connecticut River. Rescue efforts using a flotilla of boats saved people trapped in upper stories of buildings, bringing them to local fraternal lodges, schools, churches and monasteries for lodging, medical care, and food. After Springfield broke ties with the Colony, the remaining Connecticut settlements demanded that Springfield's ships pay tolls when passing the mouth of the river. But today’s spotlight shines on a small town in the Connecticut River Valley. In addition, Interstate 91, whose route largely follows the river, crosses it twice – once in Connecticut and once in Massachusetts. The nuclear plant was closed at the end of 2014, and the shad population increased. George Simon Roberts. 1636). In Springfield, Massachusetts, 5 sq mi (13 km2), and 18 miles (29 km) of streets, were flooded, and 20,000 people lost their homes. The Connecticut River, centerpiece of the River Valley region, soothingly meanders from Suffield to Old Saybrook. Opt for the downtown area or choose a park instead. [31] Boundary disputes between Vermont and New Hampshire lasted for nearly 150 years and were finally settled in 1933, when the U.S. Supreme Court reaffirmed King George's boundary as the ordinary low-water mark on the Vermont shore. Together with Hanover and White River Junction, Lebanon today is center of a Micropolitan Statistical Area, encompassing nearly 30 towns along the upper Connecticut River valley. They pass an additional elevator in Turners Falls, Massachusetts and make it at least as far as Bellows Falls, Vermont. Fairlee, Vermont, and Lyme, New Hampshire, are in the “Upper Valley,” a distinctive region that at its heart includes towns twinned on opposite banks along a roughly 40-mile stretch of the Connecticut River: from Windsor, Vermont, and Cornish, New Hampshire, in the south to Bradford, Vermont, and Piermont, New Hampshire, in the north. Information concerning how these tribes lived and interacted stems mostly from English accounts written during the 1630s. Demand was reduced to sustainable levels by 1989, reaching approximately a 25% margin of safety by 2009. This station publishes annual statistics of the run, and has recorded an occasional salmon. "[33], The Enfield Falls Canal was opened in 1829 to circumvent shallows around Enfield Falls, and the locks built for this canal gave their name to the town of Windsor Locks, Connecticut. In 1623, Dutch traders constructed a fortified trading post at the site of Hartford, Connecticut called the Fort Huys de Hoop ("Fort House of Hope").[24]. The treaty allowed the Dutch to maintain their trading post at Fort Huys de Hoop, which they did until the 1664 British takeover of New Netherland. Westport. The River Gods. It features the Knowledge Corridor region surrounding the Connecticut River's two largest cities, Springfield (Massachusetts) and Hartford. Some of the river’s most beautiful towns are near the mouth in Connecticut, bearing the memorable names Old Saybrook, Old Lyme, Essex, Deep River, Ivoryton, Chester, and Haddam. This small town prides itself on having one of the best riverfront hangouts in the state. Historic Towns of the Connecticut River Valley Paperback – April 6, 2010 by George Simon Roberts (Author) 5.0 out of 5 stars 1 rating. The village of South Hadley Falls was essentially destroyed, and the southern parts of Holyoke were severely damaged, with 500 refugees. 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